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Wood Anemone

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A spring flower of ancient and long established woodland 


Wood anemone: the star of the woodland floor

Post date: Tuesday, 15 April, 2014 - 00:00

The increase in light from longer days as the sun moves closer to us brings out the spring woodland flowers. These need to flower, pollinate and set seed in a short space of time before the trees above them break in to leaf and the amount of light to the woodland floor is thus reduced. One of these early spring delights is the lovely white star-shaped flower of the wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa). They are members of the buttercup family and thrive on the edge of woodland rides and clearings where sufficient light breaks through. 

Although driven by light to flower the wood anemone, like several woodland species of plant, actually spreads mainly by rhizomes under the ground and so they are usually found in large, dense patches. Large patches of these flowers often indicate that there has been woodland on the site for many years.

I called the wood anemone flowers 'star' shaped but actually they have six petals so they are not the conventional five-pointed stars. Nevertheless, their bold flowers set against the bright green background of the leaves are a wonderful sight and they are certainly stars of the woodland floor as far as I am concerned!

The very early spring flowers tend to be yellow but they are gradually replaced by white and along with wood anemones look out for greater stitchwort (shirt buttons!), wood sorrel, garlic mustard (Jack-by-the-Hedge), sanicle, pignut and ransoms in your local wood all coming in to flower during late April and throughout May.


The records for this species have been organised into reports, charts, maps and photos. Click a pic below to see the detail:

Sites List Distribution Map Distribution Map Some Charts Some Photographs Original Tweets Relatives Guidance Notes
Common Name Wood Anemone
Scientific Name Anemone nemorosa
Family Buttercup family - Ranunculaceae
Status Locally common
Interest Level
Species Family Buttercup Family - Ranunculaceae
Flower Colour Group White
  • 03 - March
  • 04 - April
  • 05 - May
Preferred Environment
Look for Large white flowers on the woodland floor
Additional Identification Notes

This species is often found in these habitats:

Habitat(s) Relationship
W1: Broad-leaf Woodland Indicator