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An occasional spring flower on bare ground


March is all about looking for signs of spring as far as I am concerned. After those long bleak winter months with little of interest to see, the anticipation of spring bursting upon us in April just seems too long to wait and so March is full of expectation. Actually there is not always that much sign of life in March so little hints of spring lift the spirit and what signs there are are more visible because of lack of competition from other species. So it is with colt's-foot (Tussilago farfara); the bright yellow flowers standing out in the surrounding dullness.

Colt's-foot is a member of the daisy family and is related to the dandelion types of compositeae. Indeed, its bright yellow-rayed flower may often be dismissed as a dandelion but it is worth a closer look. It grows on bare patches of ground where the earth may be quite thin and it can be seen frequently on the tracks of old railway lines for this very reason. It flowers in March and is soon over. In keeping with its family ties those yellow flowers will quickly turn to fluffy seed heads to be dispersed by the March winds and then all signs of the plant will be gone for another year until it pops back up again to remind us that spring will not be long coming.

Colt's-foot is so called because of the shape of its leaves although I think you need quite a vivid imagination to make the connection! In researching this I was surprised to find that colt's-foot was used as a herbal remedy for coughs and in some places it is called coughwort. Now coughwort does need a great deal of corruption to become colt's-foot does it? Before you rush out and pick some to cure that nagging cough you should be aware of this warning that appears on the Internet: 

"Colt's-foot is considered UNSAFE. It contains chemicals called hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids that can damage the liver or cause cancer."


The records for this species have been organised into reports, charts, maps and photos. Click a pic below to see the detail:

Sites List Distribution Map Some Charts Some Photographs Original Tweets Relatives Guidance Notes
Common Name Colts-foot
Scientific Name Tussilago farfara
Family Daisy family - Compositae
Status Local
Interest Level
Species Family Daisy Family - Compositeae
Flower Colour Group Yellow
  • 02 - February
  • 03 - March
  • 04 - April
Preferred Environment
Look for Early flowering yellow daisy with scaly stems
Additional Identification Notes

This species is often found in these habitats:

Habitat(s) Relationship
BF: Fringes - roadsides, bare ground & wasteland Associated