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Species Catalogue Menu

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Amanita Fungi

The Amanita family includes the most famous fungus of all, the Fly Agaric. It  also contains some of the most deadly poisonous of British fungi and they should be handled with extreme care (or not at all!). 

Boletes Fungi

Most toadstools have gills from where spores are released but the boletes species have pores instead. This gives a spongey, often yellow, look to the underside of the cap. Quite often the surface of the cap can be cracked. 

Ink Caps

Inkcaps generally have one thing in common; as soon as the caps have developed they start to disintegrate into an ink-like liquid, hence the name ink cap. In doing this, the spores are washed in to the soil rather than being blown on the wind.

Mushrooms

Mushrooms (agaricus fungi) are generally plain capped, pale in colour and often hove black gills. Quite often species of this family are found in meadows and grassland, frequently where there has been some form of agriculture in the past.

Knights and Funnels

The fungi known as knights are big and bold whereas funnels are, well, funnel shaped! These are among the larger toadstool type fungi that occur mainly amongst the leaf litter in woodlands. I have included chanterelle here as it is funnel shaped.

Russula Fungi

There are two main groups of russula, Milkcaps and Brittlegills; I have not seperated them here. Many species in this family exhibit a dip in the centre of the cap. Milkcaps exude a white milky substance if broken and russulas are often, but not always, a russet colour. A very difficult group to identify.

Bonnets and Mottlegills

These species have caps that are shaped like little hats that sit on top of thin stems. They are usually fragile little fungi and can be very difficult to identify as many seem, at first sight anyway, the same as their cousins. 

Clusters

Some species growing on dead tree stumps especially occur in large clusters. They are often small fungi that have a shiny or greasy appearance on the cap. I have gathered roundheads, tufts, brownies and toughshanks together for identification purposes.

Tricholoma Fungi

The tricholoma family of fungi are a very varied and complex collection of species. Some of the larger groups I have broken out in to other sections such as the knights and funnels, the bonnets and so on. Under this heading are some of the members of smaller species groups.

Waxcap Fungi

Waxcap fungi are to mycolgists what orchids are to botanists and raptors are to ornithologists! Waxcaps, as their name implies have a waxy finish to their caps and tend to have a conical shape, especially when first emerging.