White Deadnettle: with a merry heart
When you encounter a flower you do not know you will need to look it up in a reference book of some sort. My 'master' book, "The Illustrated Flora of Britain and Northern Europe" by Marjorie Blamey has 544 pages and my pocket field guide, is much smaller, it is only 480 pages. The question you may well ask is where then, on all those pages, do you start to look?
As with all wildlife, animal or vegetable, science has classified all living things into Kingdoms, Phylum, Classes, Orders, Families, Genera and Species (You can remember this by recalling that King Philip called out for garlic sausage!). In other words, if you can decide on the order or the family then you know where to start looking.
The labiate family has some 40 species listed in my field guide over five pages. They all have square stems and tubular, trumpet shaped flowers. The flowers nearly always come as a whorl around the stem. They include mints, nettles, woundworts and bugles. All different yet all with similar features.
This is a photo of a plant with a square stem and tubular flowers in a whorl and can be quickly traced to the dead-nettles, in this case, as the flowers are white, it is white deadnettle (Lamium album); the white labiate. Simple!
My good friend Wikipedia says that folklore has it that a tea made from the flowers is reputed "to make the heart merry, to make a good colour in the face, and to make the vital spirits more fresh and lively." I must try that ...
This is just my nature note: for lots more information including distribution maps, status charts, identification guidance and more photographs go to the species home page by clicking/tapping the icon